What Human Rights do for Children

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Children
2011
UK

Children’s rights are better protected in immigration detention

Related European Convention Articles

Asylum seekers and their children were detained in an immigration detention centre. Their detention was found to be unlawful and breached their rights to liberty and privacy / family life.

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Children
2002
Europe

If child access is jeopardised, parents must have legal representation

Related European Convention Articles

Parents were denied legal representation at a hearing to free their child for adoption. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life, as the importance and complexity meant they should have legal representation.

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    Children
    2012
    UK

    Children’s identities are usually kept secret in personal injury cases

    Related European Convention Articles

    A child was involved in a personal injury case. The child's identity was kept a secret, to ensure her compensation was protected from those who might misuse the funds. Publication would breach her right to privacy / family life.

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    Children
    1982
    Europe

    Corporal punishment in schools is not permitted

    Related European Convention Articles

    Two mothers challenged school policy permitting corporal punishment. One boy was suspended from school for refusing to accept the punishment. The policy breached the mothers' rights to educate their children according to their convictions and the child's right to access education.

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      Children
      2015
      UK

      Disabled children still entitled to benefits in hospital

      Related European Convention Articles

      A child’s disability benefit was taken away because he was in hospital for more than 84 days. This was discrimination and took no account of the fact that his family actually incurred additional costs while caring for him in hospital.

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        TOP 50
        50 Cases
        2014
        UK

        The police can’t keep you on their database for ever

        Related European Convention Articles

        Two people wanted minor crimes committed years ago (shoplifting a packet of fingernails; stealing a bike aged 11) to be removed from the national police database, as it was stopping them getting jobs. Their privacy had been breached and the law was changed.

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          TOP 50
          Children
          1994
          Europe

          Unmarried parents can be a family

          Related European Convention Articles

          The father in an unmarried couple challenged the Dutch government's refusal to recognise him as the legal father of the couple's child, unless his partner's husband denied paternity. He won his case.

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            Children
            1994
            Europe

            Children can’t be put up for adoption without parents knowing

            Related European Convention Articles

            Laws which allowed a child to be put up for adoption without her biological father's knowledge or consent breached his right to respect for private and family life, and meant he had been deprived of a fair hearing.

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            Children
            2003
            Europe

            Four children were protected from their mum’s partner

            Related European Convention Articles

            Children were sexually and physically abused by their mother's partner. Social services failed to discover the problem and prevent abuse. A judge decided they had been treated inhumanely and their right to private/family life was breached. They were entitled to compensation.

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              Children
              2008
              UK

              Children can be protected against intrusive media attention

              Related European Convention Articles

              A photograph of the author JK Rowling's son was taken and published without permission or consent. It was decided that the child was entitled to privacy and the law should protect children against intrusive media attention.

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              Children
              2012
              UK

              A child’s surgery happened despite mum’s objection

              Related European Convention Articles

              A child was prescribed chemo- and radiotherapy after brain surgery. His mother refused to consent to the treatment. A court decided that the treatment was in the child's best interests and ordered it to go ahead.

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              Children
              2006
              UK

              Young people can get confidential sexual health advice

              Related European Convention Articles

              A mother challenged guidelines allowing doctors to give sexual health advice and treatment to under 16s without telling their parents. In this case, young people's right to private life overrode the parents' rights.

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              Children
              2001
              UK

              Families who foster children should be paid the same as other carers

              Related European Convention Articles

              A family who were fostering children within the family successfully challenged the council policy to pay them less than non-family foster carers.

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              Children
              2009
              UK

              Children aren’t subjected to unreasonable curfews

              Related European Convention Articles

              A 16 year old boy was not allowed out after 9pm in designated areas. He was not engaging in anti-social behaviour. He challenged the curfew. He succeeded.

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              Children
              1987
              Europe

              Birth parents have the right to challenge childcare decisions

              Related European Convention Articles

              A mother complained that she was not given the chance to object to her children being taken into care. She won her case.

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                Children
                2012
                UK

                Children in care must be properly protected by the state

                Related European Convention Articles

                Two boys came into local authority care and were freed for adoption. The boys were moved between foster placements for 11 years, becoming increasingly unsettled. This breached several of their rights and local authorities had to re-examine their care systems.

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                  Children
                  2011
                  UK

                  Children abducted by a parent should generally be returned immediately

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  Children were abducted by their mother, without their father's knowledge, from Norway and brought to the UK. The children would be returned to Norway as, overall, it was in their best interests.

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                  Children
                  2012
                  UK

                  Removing the governmental task force set up to protect children was unlawful

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  The Government failed to set up the Child Poverty Commission, as required by Parliament, to advise on the preparation of child poverty strategy. This was unlawful.

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                  TOP 50
                  50 Cases
                  2001
                  Europe

                  Local authorities can be liable for child abuse if they failed to act

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  Four children were seriously ill-treated by their parents. The authorities were aware of this and failed to take action. The children's rights to freedom from inhuman and degrading treatment had been breached and they were entitled to compensation.

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                    TOP 50
                    50 Cases
                    1998
                    Europe

                    You can’t beat up your child

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    A stepfather beat his stepson with a cane, causing him bruising. His defence was that "reasonable chastisement" was necessary to control the boy. The court said this was inhumane and degrading treatment.

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                      Children
                      1987
                      Europe

                      Denying parents access to their children must be reviewable

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      Parents of children in care were denied access to their children. The parents were not informed of nor invited to the conference at which this decision was made. The judges said the authority's decision to terminate access must be reviewable by a tribunal.

                      Related links

                        Children
                        2014
                        UK

                        Keeping children with family should be considered before adoption

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A child was placed for adoption without proper consideration of whether a placement in Poland with her grandparents would have been preferable. This breached the family's right to respect for private / family life.

                        Related links

                        TOP 50
                        50 Cases
                        2011
                        UK

                        Children’s views are key in deportation cases

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        The Supreme Court decided that where a parent is deported, the rights of their children must be a primary consideration An asylum-seeker mother was allowed to remain in the UK because deporting her would breach her children's rights to respect for private and family life.

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                        Children
                        2010-12
                        UK

                        Systemic failings in child protection must be addressed

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        After the 'Baby P Scandal', in which one-year-old Peter Connolly was killed by his abusive parents, the Government commissioned an independent review of child protection and social work. Human rights law requires effective investigations into deaths and inhumane treatment.

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                        What Human Rights do for Children
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