What Human Rights do for Children - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Children

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Children
2002
Europe

If child access is jeopardised, parents must have legal representation

Related European Convention Articles

Parents were denied legal representation at a hearing to free their child for adoption. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life, as the importance and complexity meant they should have legal representation.

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    TOP 50
    50 Cases
    2013
    UK

    Trafficked children are victims, not criminals

    Related European Convention Articles

    Victims of trafficking were forced into illegal work. A young boy was forced to cultivate cannabis, and a woman promised child-minding work was forced into prostitution. Their history of trafficking should have been taken into account.

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    Children
    2006
    UK

    Abducted children’s views on staying in the UK matter

    Related European Convention Articles

    A Romanian mother brought her child to the UK. His father objected. The removal was not unlawful and the child wanted to stay in the UK. The child's views were taken into account and he was permitted to stay.

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      Children
      2003
      Europe

      Four children were protected from their mum’s partner

      Related European Convention Articles

      Children were sexually and physically abused by their mother's partner. Social services failed to discover the problem and prevent abuse. A judge decided they had been treated inhumanely and their right to private/family life was breached. They were entitled to compensation.

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        Children
        2012
        UK

        Children in care must be properly protected by the state

        Related European Convention Articles

        Two boys came into local authority care and were freed for adoption. The boys were moved between foster placements for 11 years, becoming increasingly unsettled. This breached several of their rights and local authorities had to re-examine their care systems.

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          Children
          2001
          Europe

          Children should be protected from abuse within the family

          Related European Convention Articles

          Children in a family suffered abuse and neglect by their mother. They were not protected properly by the social services. They won their case and were awarded damages.

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          Children
          1982
          Europe

          Corporal punishment in schools is not permitted

          Related European Convention Articles

          Two mothers challenged school policy permitting corporal punishment. One boy was suspended from school for refusing to accept the punishment. The policy breached the mothers' rights to educate their children according to their convictions and the child's right to access education.

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            Children
            1995
            Europe

            Parents can access info related to their child’s case

            Related European Convention Articles

            Parents of a child taken into care were not allowed to see documents referred to at a hearing to determine care provisions and access to their son. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life.

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              Children
              2001
              Europe

              Birth parents must be involved in childcare decisions

              Related European Convention Articles

              A four-year-old girl was taken into care and placed for adoption following allegations of abuse. Her mother was not consulted on the care plan and succeeded in her claim that this breached her right to a family life.

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                Children
                2012
                UK

                Unaccompanied minors claiming asylum must be properly cared for

                Related European Convention Articles

                The eight appellants had arrived from Afghanistan as unaccompanied minors and were at that time aged between 15 and 16. The Home Office refused their asylum claims but granted each of them Discretionary Leave until they reached 17½, but it was found that the duty to the minors goes further than this in order to protect the minor’s best interests.

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                TOP 50
                50 Cases
                2001
                Europe

                Local authorities can be liable for child abuse if they failed to act

                Related European Convention Articles

                Four children were seriously ill-treated by their parents. The authorities were aware of this and failed to take action. The children's rights to freedom from inhuman and degrading treatment had been breached and they were entitled to compensation.

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                  TOP 50
                  50 Cases
                  1998
                  Europe

                  You can’t beat up your child

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  A stepfather beat his stepson with a cane, causing him bruising. His defence was that "reasonable chastisement" was necessary to control the boy. The court said this was inhumane and degrading treatment.

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                    Children
                    2011
                    UK

                    Children abducted by a parent should generally be returned immediately

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    Children were abducted by their mother, without their father's knowledge, from Norway and brought to the UK. The children would be returned to Norway as, overall, it was in their best interests.

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                    Children
                    2012
                    UK

                    Removing the governmental task force set up to protect children was unlawful

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    The Government failed to set up the Child Poverty Commission, as required by Parliament, to advise on the preparation of child poverty strategy. This was unlawful.

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                    Children
                    2011
                    UK

                    Children’s rights are better protected in immigration detention

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    Asylum seekers and their children were detained in an immigration detention centre. Their detention was found to be unlawful and breached their rights to liberty and privacy / family life.

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                    Children
                    2006
                    UK

                    Young people can get confidential sexual health advice

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    A mother challenged guidelines allowing doctors to give sexual health advice and treatment to under 16s without telling their parents. In this case, young people's right to private life overrode the parents' rights.

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                    Children
                    2012
                    UK

                    Children’s identities are usually kept secret in personal injury cases

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    A child was involved in a personal injury case. The child's identity was kept a secret, to ensure her compensation was protected from those who might misuse the funds. Publication would breach her right to privacy / family life.

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                    Children
                    2014
                    UK

                    Men suspected of grooming were banned from contacting girls

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    Ten men were suspected of exploiting a young woman for sex. There was not enough evidence to prosecute them. They were banned from contacting the young woman.

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                    TOP 50
                    50 Cases
                    1978
                    Europe

                    Caning a child is wrong

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    A boy was sentenced to be caned for assaulting another child. He had to remove his trousers and underpants then was held down and caned by policemen. This was found to be degrading punishment. The court famously said the European Convention on Human Rights was a "living instrument".

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                      Children
                      2012
                      UK

                      A child’s surgery happened despite mum’s objection

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      A child was prescribed chemo- and radiotherapy after brain surgery. His mother refused to consent to the treatment. A court decided that the treatment was in the child's best interests and ordered it to go ahead.

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                      Children
                      1994
                      Europe

                      Children can’t be put up for adoption without parents knowing

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      Laws which allowed a child to be put up for adoption without her biological father's knowledge or consent breached his right to respect for private and family life, and meant he had been deprived of a fair hearing.

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                      TOP 50
                      50 Cases
                      2014
                      UK

                      The police can’t keep you on their database for ever

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      Two people wanted minor crimes committed years ago (shoplifting a packet of fingernails; stealing a bike aged 11) to be removed from the national police database, as it was stopping them getting jobs. Their privacy had been breached and the law was changed.

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                        Children
                        2014
                        UK

                        Keeping children with family should be considered before adoption

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A child was placed for adoption without proper consideration of whether a placement in Poland with her grandparents would have been preferable. This breached the family's right to respect for private / family life.

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                        Children
                        2007
                        Europe

                        Children of all races must have equal access to education

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        Disproportionate numbers of Roma children were placed in special schools. This breached their right to access to primary education and their right not to be discriminated against on racial grounds.

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                          What Human Rights do for Children
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