What Human Rights do for Children - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Children

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Children
2008
UK

Children can be protected against intrusive media attention

Related European Convention Articles

A photograph of the author JK Rowling's son was taken and published without permission or consent. It was decided that the child was entitled to privacy and the law should protect children against intrusive media attention.

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Children
2007
Europe

Children of all races must have equal access to education

Related European Convention Articles

Disproportionate numbers of Roma children were placed in special schools. This breached their right to access to primary education and their right not to be discriminated against on racial grounds.

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    Children
    2012
    UK

    Children in care must be properly protected by the state

    Related European Convention Articles

    Two boys came into local authority care and were freed for adoption. The boys were moved between foster placements for 11 years, becoming increasingly unsettled. This breached several of their rights and local authorities had to re-examine their care systems.

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      Children
      2014
      UK

      Men suspected of grooming were banned from contacting girls

      Related European Convention Articles

      Ten men were suspected of exploiting a young woman for sex. There was not enough evidence to prosecute them. They were banned from contacting the young woman.

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      TOP 50
      50 Cases
      1998
      Europe

      You can’t beat up your child

      Related European Convention Articles

      A stepfather beat his stepson with a cane, causing him bruising. His defence was that "reasonable chastisement" was necessary to control the boy. The court said this was inhumane and degrading treatment.

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        Children
        2012
        UK

        Unaccompanied minors claiming asylum must be properly cared for

        Related European Convention Articles

        The eight appellants had arrived from Afghanistan as unaccompanied minors and were at that time aged between 15 and 16. The Home Office refused their asylum claims but granted each of them Discretionary Leave until they reached 17½, but it was found that the duty to the minors goes further than this in order to protect the minor’s best interests.

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        Children
        2015
        UK

        Children in custody are recognised as vulnerable

        Related European Convention Articles

        A 14-year-old's clothing was removed after her arrest. There was no breach of her right to privacy, but the court emphasised the vulnerable position of children in custody. The police produced a report on vulnerable people in custody.

        Children
        2006
        UK

        Young people can get confidential sexual health advice

        Related European Convention Articles

        A mother challenged guidelines allowing doctors to give sexual health advice and treatment to under 16s without telling their parents. In this case, young people's right to private life overrode the parents' rights.

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        Children
        2012
        UK

        Children’s identities are usually kept secret in personal injury cases

        Related European Convention Articles

        A child was involved in a personal injury case. The child's identity was kept a secret, to ensure her compensation was protected from those who might misuse the funds. Publication would breach her right to privacy / family life.

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        Children
        2014
        Europe

        The state must protect children against sexual abuse in school

        Related European Convention Articles

        Irish primary school pupils were sexually abused by their teachers. The Irish authorities would have known about similar abuses before the 1970s. They didn't do enough to systematically protect the children.

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          Children
          2009
          UK

          Children aren’t subjected to unreasonable curfews

          Related European Convention Articles

          A 16 year old boy was not allowed out after 9pm in designated areas. He was not engaging in anti-social behaviour. He challenged the curfew. He succeeded.

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          Children
          2003
          Europe

          Four children were protected from their mum’s partner

          Related European Convention Articles

          Children were sexually and physically abused by their mother's partner. Social services failed to discover the problem and prevent abuse. A judge decided they had been treated inhumanely and their right to private/family life was breached. They were entitled to compensation.

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            Children
            2012
            UK

            A child’s surgery happened despite mum’s objection

            Related European Convention Articles

            A child was prescribed chemo- and radiotherapy after brain surgery. His mother refused to consent to the treatment. A court decided that the treatment was in the child's best interests and ordered it to go ahead.

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            Children
            2012
            UK

            Removing the governmental task force set up to protect children was unlawful

            Related European Convention Articles

            The Government failed to set up the Child Poverty Commission, as required by Parliament, to advise on the preparation of child poverty strategy. This was unlawful.

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            Children
            2014
            UK

            Keeping children with family should be considered before adoption

            Related European Convention Articles

            A child was placed for adoption without proper consideration of whether a placement in Poland with her grandparents would have been preferable. This breached the family's right to respect for private / family life.

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            Children
            1982
            Europe

            Corporal punishment in schools is not permitted

            Related European Convention Articles

            Two mothers challenged school policy permitting corporal punishment. One boy was suspended from school for refusing to accept the punishment. The policy breached the mothers' rights to educate their children according to their convictions and the child's right to access education.

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              Children
              2011
              UK

              Children abducted by a parent should generally be returned immediately

              Related European Convention Articles

              Children were abducted by their mother, without their father's knowledge, from Norway and brought to the UK. The children would be returned to Norway as, overall, it was in their best interests.

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              Children
              1987
              Europe

              Birth parents have the right to challenge childcare decisions

              Related European Convention Articles

              A mother complained that she was not given the chance to object to her children being taken into care. She won her case.

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                TOP 50
                50 Cases
                2001
                Europe

                Local authorities can be liable for child abuse if they failed to act

                Related European Convention Articles

                Four children were seriously ill-treated by their parents. The authorities were aware of this and failed to take action. The children's rights to freedom from inhuman and degrading treatment had been breached and they were entitled to compensation.

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                  Children
                  1987
                  Europe

                  Denying parents access to their children must be reviewable

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  Parents of children in care were denied access to their children. The parents were not informed of nor invited to the conference at which this decision was made. The judges said the authority's decision to terminate access must be reviewable by a tribunal.

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                    Children
                    2015
                    UK

                    Disabled children still entitled to benefits in hospital

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    A child’s disability benefit was taken away because he was in hospital for more than 84 days. This was discrimination and took no account of the fact that his family actually incurred additional costs while caring for him in hospital.

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                      Children
                      2001
                      Europe

                      Children should be protected from abuse within the family

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      Children in a family suffered abuse and neglect by their mother. They were not protected properly by the social services. They won their case and were awarded damages.

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                      Children
                      2010-12
                      UK

                      Systemic failings in child protection must be addressed

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      After the 'Baby P Scandal', in which one-year-old Peter Connolly was killed by his abusive parents, the Government commissioned an independent review of child protection and social work. Human rights law requires effective investigations into deaths and inhumane treatment.

                      Children
                      1989
                      Europe

                      Care leavers can access their child care records

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      A care leaver wanted access to care records to establish whether he had grounds to complain of ill-treatment whilst in care. He was not permitted to see the entire file. This breached his right to respect for private life.

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                        What Human Rights do for Children
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