What Human Rights do for Children - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Children

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Children
1987
Europe

Denying parents access to their children must be reviewable

Related European Convention Articles

Parents of children in care were denied access to their children. The parents were not informed of nor invited to the conference at which this decision was made. The judges said the authority's decision to terminate access must be reviewable by a tribunal.

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    Children
    2012
    UK

    Removing the governmental task force set up to protect children was unlawful

    Related European Convention Articles

    The Government failed to set up the Child Poverty Commission, as required by Parliament, to advise on the preparation of child poverty strategy. This was unlawful.

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    Children
    2002
    Europe

    If child access is jeopardised, parents must have legal representation

    Related European Convention Articles

    Parents were denied legal representation at a hearing to free their child for adoption. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life, as the importance and complexity meant they should have legal representation.

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      TOP 50
      50 Cases
      2013
      UK

      Trafficked children are victims, not criminals

      Related European Convention Articles

      Victims of trafficking were forced into illegal work. A young boy was forced to cultivate cannabis, and a woman promised child-minding work was forced into prostitution. Their history of trafficking should have been taken into account.

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      Children
      1982
      Europe

      Corporal punishment in schools is not permitted

      Related European Convention Articles

      Two mothers challenged school policy permitting corporal punishment. One boy was suspended from school for refusing to accept the punishment. The policy breached the mothers' rights to educate their children according to their convictions and the child's right to access education.

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        Children
        2012
        UK

        Children in care must be properly protected by the state

        Related European Convention Articles

        Two boys came into local authority care and were freed for adoption. The boys were moved between foster placements for 11 years, becoming increasingly unsettled. This breached several of their rights and local authorities had to re-examine their care systems.

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          Children
          2010
          UK

          Children can access a summary of secret evidence about them

          Related European Convention Articles

          The police arrested a child spotted with an 'inappropriate adult'. They would not tell the child or parents more. Access to secret evidence was needed to enforce rights to liberty and privacy. A court provided the gist of the information.

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          Children
          2001
          Europe

          Children should be protected from abuse within the family

          Related European Convention Articles

          Children in a family suffered abuse and neglect by their mother. They were not protected properly by the social services. They won their case and were awarded damages.

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          Children
          2015
          UK

          Disabled children still entitled to benefits in hospital

          Related European Convention Articles

          A child’s disability benefit was taken away because he was in hospital for more than 84 days. This was discrimination and took no account of the fact that his family actually incurred additional costs while caring for him in hospital.

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            TOP 50
            50 Cases
            2014
            UK

            The police can’t keep you on their database for ever

            Related European Convention Articles

            Two people wanted minor crimes committed years ago (shoplifting a packet of fingernails; stealing a bike aged 11) to be removed from the national police database, as it was stopping them getting jobs. Their privacy had been breached and the law was changed.

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              Children
              2008
              UK

              Children can be protected against intrusive media attention

              Related European Convention Articles

              A photograph of the author JK Rowling's son was taken and published without permission or consent. It was decided that the child was entitled to privacy and the law should protect children against intrusive media attention.

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              TOP 50
              50 Cases
              1998
              Europe

              You can’t beat up your child

              Related European Convention Articles

              A stepfather beat his stepson with a cane, causing him bruising. His defence was that "reasonable chastisement" was necessary to control the boy. The court said this was inhumane and degrading treatment.

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                Children
                2012
                UK

                Children’s identities are usually kept secret in personal injury cases

                Related European Convention Articles

                A child was involved in a personal injury case. The child's identity was kept a secret, to ensure her compensation was protected from those who might misuse the funds. Publication would breach her right to privacy / family life.

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                Children
                1995
                Europe

                Parents can access info related to their child’s case

                Related European Convention Articles

                Parents of a child taken into care were not allowed to see documents referred to at a hearing to determine care provisions and access to their son. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life.

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                  Children
                  1987
                  Europe

                  Birth parents have the right to challenge childcare decisions

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  A mother complained that she was not given the chance to object to her children being taken into care. She won her case.

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                    TOP 50
                    Children
                    1994
                    Europe

                    Unmarried parents can be a family

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    The father in an unmarried couple challenged the Dutch government's refusal to recognise him as the legal father of the couple's child, unless his partner's husband denied paternity. He won his case.

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                      Children
                      2009
                      UK

                      Children aren’t subjected to unreasonable curfews

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      A 16 year old boy was not allowed out after 9pm in designated areas. He was not engaging in anti-social behaviour. He challenged the curfew. He succeeded.

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                      Children
                      2007
                      Europe

                      Children of all races must have equal access to education

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      Disproportionate numbers of Roma children were placed in special schools. This breached their right to access to primary education and their right not to be discriminated against on racial grounds.

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                        Children
                        2015
                        UK

                        Children in custody are recognised as vulnerable

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A 14-year-old's clothing was removed after her arrest. There was no breach of her right to privacy, but the court emphasised the vulnerable position of children in custody. The police produced a report on vulnerable people in custody.

                        Children
                        1989
                        Europe

                        Care leavers can access their child care records

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A care leaver wanted access to care records to establish whether he had grounds to complain of ill-treatment whilst in care. He was not permitted to see the entire file. This breached his right to respect for private life.

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                          Children
                          2006
                          UK

                          Abducted children’s views on staying in the UK matter

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          A Romanian mother brought her child to the UK. His father objected. The removal was not unlawful and the child wanted to stay in the UK. The child's views were taken into account and he was permitted to stay.

                          Related links

                            Children
                            2003
                            Europe

                            Four children were protected from their mum’s partner

                            Related European Convention Articles

                            Children were sexually and physically abused by their mother's partner. Social services failed to discover the problem and prevent abuse. A judge decided they had been treated inhumanely and their right to private/family life was breached. They were entitled to compensation.

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                              TOP 50
                              50 Cases
                              2001
                              Europe

                              Local authorities can be liable for child abuse if they failed to act

                              Related European Convention Articles

                              Four children were seriously ill-treated by their parents. The authorities were aware of this and failed to take action. The children's rights to freedom from inhuman and degrading treatment had been breached and they were entitled to compensation.

                              Related links

                                Children
                                2012
                                UK

                                Unaccompanied minors claiming asylum must be properly cared for

                                Related European Convention Articles

                                The eight appellants had arrived from Afghanistan as unaccompanied minors and were at that time aged between 15 and 16. The Home Office refused their asylum claims but granted each of them Discretionary Leave until they reached 17½, but it was found that the duty to the minors goes further than this in order to protect the minor’s best interests.

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                                What Human Rights do for Children
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