What Human Rights do for Children - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Children

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Children
2008
UK

Children can be protected against intrusive media attention

Related European Convention Articles

A photograph of the author JK Rowling's son was taken and published without permission or consent. It was decided that the child was entitled to privacy and the law should protect children against intrusive media attention.

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TOP 50
50 Cases
1998
Europe

You can’t beat up your child

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A stepfather beat his stepson with a cane, causing him bruising. His defence was that "reasonable chastisement" was necessary to control the boy. The court said this was inhumane and degrading treatment.

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    Children
    1994
    Europe

    Children can’t be put up for adoption without parents knowing

    Related European Convention Articles

    Laws which allowed a child to be put up for adoption without her biological father's knowledge or consent breached his right to respect for private and family life, and meant he had been deprived of a fair hearing.

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    Children
    1982
    Europe

    Corporal punishment in schools is not permitted

    Related European Convention Articles

    Two mothers challenged school policy permitting corporal punishment. One boy was suspended from school for refusing to accept the punishment. The policy breached the mothers' rights to educate their children according to their convictions and the child's right to access education.

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      Children
      2012
      UK

      A child’s surgery happened despite mum’s objection

      Related European Convention Articles

      A child was prescribed chemo- and radiotherapy after brain surgery. His mother refused to consent to the treatment. A court decided that the treatment was in the child's best interests and ordered it to go ahead.

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      Children
      2007
      Europe

      Children of all races must have equal access to education

      Related European Convention Articles

      Disproportionate numbers of Roma children were placed in special schools. This breached their right to access to primary education and their right not to be discriminated against on racial grounds.

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        Children
        2010-12
        UK

        Systemic failings in child protection must be addressed

        Related European Convention Articles

        After the 'Baby P Scandal', in which one-year-old Peter Connolly was killed by his abusive parents, the Government commissioned an independent review of child protection and social work. Human rights law requires effective investigations into deaths and inhumane treatment.

        TOP 50
        50 Cases
        2001
        Europe

        Local authorities can be liable for child abuse if they failed to act

        Related European Convention Articles

        Four children were seriously ill-treated by their parents. The authorities were aware of this and failed to take action. The children's rights to freedom from inhuman and degrading treatment had been breached and they were entitled to compensation.

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          Children
          2001
          Europe

          Birth parents must be involved in childcare decisions

          Related European Convention Articles

          A four-year-old girl was taken into care and placed for adoption following allegations of abuse. Her mother was not consulted on the care plan and succeeded in her claim that this breached her right to a family life.

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            Children
            2012
            UK

            Children in care must be properly protected by the state

            Related European Convention Articles

            Two boys came into local authority care and were freed for adoption. The boys were moved between foster placements for 11 years, becoming increasingly unsettled. This breached several of their rights and local authorities had to re-examine their care systems.

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              Children
              2002
              Europe

              If child access is jeopardised, parents must have legal representation

              Related European Convention Articles

              Parents were denied legal representation at a hearing to free their child for adoption. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life, as the importance and complexity meant they should have legal representation.

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                Children
                2006
                UK

                Abducted children’s views on staying in the UK matter

                Related European Convention Articles

                A Romanian mother brought her child to the UK. His father objected. The removal was not unlawful and the child wanted to stay in the UK. The child's views were taken into account and he was permitted to stay.

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                  TOP 50
                  50 Cases
                  2013
                  UK

                  Trafficked children are victims, not criminals

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  Victims of trafficking were forced into illegal work. A young boy was forced to cultivate cannabis, and a woman promised child-minding work was forced into prostitution. Their history of trafficking should have been taken into account.

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                  Children
                  1987
                  Europe

                  Birth parents have the right to challenge childcare decisions

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  A mother complained that she was not given the chance to object to her children being taken into care. She won her case.

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                    TOP 50
                    Children
                    1994
                    Europe

                    Unmarried parents can be a family

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    The father in an unmarried couple challenged the Dutch government's refusal to recognise him as the legal father of the couple's child, unless his partner's husband denied paternity. He won his case.

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                      Children
                      2015
                      UK

                      Children in custody are recognised as vulnerable

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      A 14-year-old's clothing was removed after her arrest. There was no breach of her right to privacy, but the court emphasised the vulnerable position of children in custody. The police produced a report on vulnerable people in custody.

                      Children
                      2014
                      Europe

                      The state must protect children against sexual abuse in school

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      Irish primary school pupils were sexually abused by their teachers. The Irish authorities would have known about similar abuses before the 1970s. They didn't do enough to systematically protect the children.

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                        Children
                        2015
                        UK

                        Disabled children still entitled to benefits in hospital

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A child’s disability benefit was taken away because he was in hospital for more than 84 days. This was discrimination and took no account of the fact that his family actually incurred additional costs while caring for him in hospital.

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                          Children
                          2012
                          UK

                          Removing the governmental task force set up to protect children was unlawful

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          The Government failed to set up the Child Poverty Commission, as required by Parliament, to advise on the preparation of child poverty strategy. This was unlawful.

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                          TOP 50
                          50 Cases
                          2011
                          UK

                          Children’s views are key in deportation cases

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          The Supreme Court decided that where a parent is deported, the rights of their children must be a primary consideration An asylum-seeker mother was allowed to remain in the UK because deporting her would breach her children's rights to respect for private and family life.

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                          Children
                          2012
                          UK

                          Children’s identities are usually kept secret in personal injury cases

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          A child was involved in a personal injury case. The child's identity was kept a secret, to ensure her compensation was protected from those who might misuse the funds. Publication would breach her right to privacy / family life.

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                          Children
                          2003
                          Europe

                          Four children were protected from their mum’s partner

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          Children were sexually and physically abused by their mother's partner. Social services failed to discover the problem and prevent abuse. A judge decided they had been treated inhumanely and their right to private/family life was breached. They were entitled to compensation.

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                            Children
                            2012
                            UK

                            Unaccompanied minors claiming asylum must be properly cared for

                            Related European Convention Articles

                            The eight appellants had arrived from Afghanistan as unaccompanied minors and were at that time aged between 15 and 16. The Home Office refused their asylum claims but granted each of them Discretionary Leave until they reached 17½, but it was found that the duty to the minors goes further than this in order to protect the minor’s best interests.

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                            Children
                            2014
                            UK

                            Keeping children with family should be considered before adoption

                            Related European Convention Articles

                            A child was placed for adoption without proper consideration of whether a placement in Poland with her grandparents would have been preferable. This breached the family's right to respect for private / family life.

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                            What Human Rights do for Children
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