What Human Rights do for Children - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Children

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Children
2006
UK

Abducted children’s views on staying in the UK matter

Related European Convention Articles

A Romanian mother brought her child to the UK. His father objected. The removal was not unlawful and the child wanted to stay in the UK. The child's views were taken into account and he was permitted to stay.

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    TOP 50
    50 Cases
    1978
    Europe

    Caning a child is wrong

    Related European Convention Articles

    A boy was sentenced to be caned for assaulting another child. He had to remove his trousers and underpants then was held down and caned by policemen. This was found to be degrading punishment. The court famously said the European Convention on Human Rights was a "living instrument".

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      Children
      1989
      Europe

      Care leavers can access their child care records

      Related European Convention Articles

      A care leaver wanted access to care records to establish whether he had grounds to complain of ill-treatment whilst in care. He was not permitted to see the entire file. This breached his right to respect for private life.

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        Children
        2002
        Europe

        If child access is jeopardised, parents must have legal representation

        Related European Convention Articles

        Parents were denied legal representation at a hearing to free their child for adoption. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life, as the importance and complexity meant they should have legal representation.

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          Children
          2010
          UK

          Children can access a summary of secret evidence about them

          Related European Convention Articles

          The police arrested a child spotted with an 'inappropriate adult'. They would not tell the child or parents more. Access to secret evidence was needed to enforce rights to liberty and privacy. A court provided the gist of the information.

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          Children
          1995
          Europe

          Parents can access info related to their child’s case

          Related European Convention Articles

          Parents of a child taken into care were not allowed to see documents referred to at a hearing to determine care provisions and access to their son. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life.

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            Children
            2001
            UK

            Families who foster children should be paid the same as other carers

            Related European Convention Articles

            A family who were fostering children within the family successfully challenged the council policy to pay them less than non-family foster carers.

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            Children
            2014
            UK

            Men suspected of grooming were banned from contacting girls

            Related European Convention Articles

            Ten men were suspected of exploiting a young woman for sex. There was not enough evidence to prosecute them. They were banned from contacting the young woman.

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            Children
            2014
            Europe

            The state must protect children against sexual abuse in school

            Related European Convention Articles

            Irish primary school pupils were sexually abused by their teachers. The Irish authorities would have known about similar abuses before the 1970s. They didn't do enough to systematically protect the children.

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              TOP 50
              Children
              1994
              Europe

              Unmarried parents can be a family

              Related European Convention Articles

              The father in an unmarried couple challenged the Dutch government's refusal to recognise him as the legal father of the couple's child, unless his partner's husband denied paternity. He won his case.

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                Children
                2012
                UK

                Children in care must be properly protected by the state

                Related European Convention Articles

                Two boys came into local authority care and were freed for adoption. The boys were moved between foster placements for 11 years, becoming increasingly unsettled. This breached several of their rights and local authorities had to re-examine their care systems.

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                  TOP 50
                  50 Cases
                  2001
                  Europe

                  Local authorities can be liable for child abuse if they failed to act

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  Four children were seriously ill-treated by their parents. The authorities were aware of this and failed to take action. The children's rights to freedom from inhuman and degrading treatment had been breached and they were entitled to compensation.

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                    Children
                    2001
                    Europe

                    Birth parents must be involved in childcare decisions

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    A four-year-old girl was taken into care and placed for adoption following allegations of abuse. Her mother was not consulted on the care plan and succeeded in her claim that this breached her right to a family life.

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                      Children
                      2014
                      UK

                      Keeping children with family should be considered before adoption

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      A child was placed for adoption without proper consideration of whether a placement in Poland with her grandparents would have been preferable. This breached the family's right to respect for private / family life.

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                      TOP 50
                      50 Cases
                      2014
                      UK

                      The police can’t keep you on their database for ever

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      Two people wanted minor crimes committed years ago (shoplifting a packet of fingernails; stealing a bike aged 11) to be removed from the national police database, as it was stopping them getting jobs. Their privacy had been breached and the law was changed.

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                        Children
                        2006
                        UK

                        Young people can get confidential sexual health advice

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A mother challenged guidelines allowing doctors to give sexual health advice and treatment to under 16s without telling their parents. In this case, young people's right to private life overrode the parents' rights.

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                        Children
                        2012
                        UK

                        A child’s surgery happened despite mum’s objection

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A child was prescribed chemo- and radiotherapy after brain surgery. His mother refused to consent to the treatment. A court decided that the treatment was in the child's best interests and ordered it to go ahead.

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                        Children
                        2011
                        UK

                        Children’s rights are better protected in immigration detention

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        Asylum seekers and their children were detained in an immigration detention centre. Their detention was found to be unlawful and breached their rights to liberty and privacy / family life.

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                        TOP 50
                        50 Cases
                        2011
                        UK

                        Children’s views are key in deportation cases

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        The Supreme Court decided that where a parent is deported, the rights of their children must be a primary consideration An asylum-seeker mother was allowed to remain in the UK because deporting her would breach her children's rights to respect for private and family life.

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                        Children
                        2007
                        Europe

                        Children of all races must have equal access to education

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        Disproportionate numbers of Roma children were placed in special schools. This breached their right to access to primary education and their right not to be discriminated against on racial grounds.

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                          Children
                          2012
                          UK

                          Removing the governmental task force set up to protect children was unlawful

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          The Government failed to set up the Child Poverty Commission, as required by Parliament, to advise on the preparation of child poverty strategy. This was unlawful.

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                          Children
                          2012
                          UK

                          Unaccompanied minors claiming asylum must be properly cared for

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          The eight appellants had arrived from Afghanistan as unaccompanied minors and were at that time aged between 15 and 16. The Home Office refused their asylum claims but granted each of them Discretionary Leave until they reached 17½, but it was found that the duty to the minors goes further than this in order to protect the minor’s best interests.

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                          Children
                          1982
                          Europe

                          Corporal punishment in schools is not permitted

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          Two mothers challenged school policy permitting corporal punishment. One boy was suspended from school for refusing to accept the punishment. The policy breached the mothers' rights to educate their children according to their convictions and the child's right to access education.

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                            Children
                            2008
                            UK

                            Children can be protected against intrusive media attention

                            Related European Convention Articles

                            A photograph of the author JK Rowling's son was taken and published without permission or consent. It was decided that the child was entitled to privacy and the law should protect children against intrusive media attention.

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                            What Human Rights do for Children
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