What Human Rights do for Equality - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Equality

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Equality
2000
Europe

Juries must not discriminate

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A defendant in criminal proceedings believed members of the jury were racist as they had made racist jokes. The court agreed the trial had been unfair.

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TOP 50
50 Cases
2002
Europe

Post-operative transsexuals can marry who they like

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A male to female transsexual was still considered male, so couldn't marry a man. This was a violation of her right to privacy. Two years later, the Gender Recognition Act gave legal recognition to transsexuals in their acquired gender.

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Equality
2004
Europe

Gypsies have same right to keep their homes as caravan owners

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The Council wanted to evict a gypsy family because of anti-social behaviour. The family won its case and were allowed to stay. The government changed the law shortly afterwards to protect gypsies from eviction.

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Equality
1995
Europe

Rape is accepted as essentially debasing

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A man appealed against his conviction of raping his wife, arguing that rape in marriage wasn't a crime at the time. The European Court rejected this, and said attitudes to rape were travelling in a clear direction that was defined and foreseeable.

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Equality
2011
UK

Employees can’t be treated badly because they are gay

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A pub's management forced a gay employee to make the pub less welcoming to gay people, then made comments about him being gay, pushing him to resign. He won his case as he had been badly treated because of his sexuality.

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Disability
2013
UK

The social care system must be fair to disabled people

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Getting employment and support allowance required a questionnaire and usually a face-to-face interview. This was causing major problems for people with mental health problems. The court said the system was unlawfully discriminating against them.

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    TOP 50
    Equality
    1981
    Europe

    Being gay is not a crime

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    A Northern Irish man had been interrogated by the local police on his sexual activities - he was gay and Northern Ireland's law punished homosexuality. The European Court ruled his right to privacy had been breached. Shortly afterwards, Northern Ireland decriminalised homosexuality.

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    Equality
    2014
    UK

    Transgender people can stay married after changing gender

    Related European Convention Articles

    Gay couples can convert their civil partnerships to marriages. Transgender people do not now have to get divorced following surgery.

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    Equality
    2000
    Europe

    Consensual gay activity is legal

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    A man was prosecuted for gross indecency for taking part in gay group sex. The European Court of Human Rights said this was a violation of his right to privacy. The law was changed in 2003 by the Sexual Offences Act.

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    Equality
    2008
    Europe

    A local authority can’t refuse gay adoption applications

    Related European Convention Articles

    A lesbian applied to adopt the child of her long-term partner and was refused. The European Court of Human Rights said that was discrimination. She won her case.

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    Equality
    1985
    Europe

    Female immigrants get the same protection as male immigrants

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    Three women were legally resident in the UK. Their husbands, resident abroad, were not allowed to live in the UK with their wives and families. They successfully challenged the rules, which were later changed.

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    TOP 50
    50 Cases
    2004
    UK

    Gay people are treated equally in inheritance matters

    Related European Convention Articles

    A gay man was stopped from inheriting a council flat from his dead male partner. Only a husband or wife could inherit. He challenged the law and the law had to change.

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      Disability
      2014
      UK

      Closing adult day care centres without consultation is wrong

      Related European Convention Articles

      A disabled adult challenged the closure of an adult day care centre. The failure to consult users and relatives before the council decided to close it had been unlawful.

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      TOP 50
      50 Cases
      2010
      UK

      Gay and lesbian people can’t be returned to persecution

      Related European Convention Articles

      Under the United Nations Refugee Convention, social groups that have a well-founded fear of persecution are refugees. In this case, the Supreme Court said gays and lesbians could not be expected to live closeted lives in places they are persecuted.

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      TOP 50
      Equality
      2005
      UK

      Racial discrimination is unacceptable at all stages of immigration process

      Related European Convention Articles

      British immigration officers at Prague Airport were told to make it more difficult for Roma people to enter. The court said that racial discrimination at any point in the asylum process is not permitted, and no race of people is excluded from the right to asylum.

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      Disability
      2004
      UK

      Disabled people must be able to access public transport too

      Related European Convention Articles

      A wheelchair user wanted a train company to pay for a taxi to assist his train travel. The court said as long as it was reasonably practicable, disabled people should be given equivalent access to public transport.

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        Equality
        2004
        UK

        An employer can’t refuse to employ transgender people

        Related European Convention Articles

        A person who had an operation to become a woman was refused a job as a police officer. She won her case as she had not got the job because she was a transsexual.

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        Equality
        2012
        Europe

        Gypsy families must have stronger rights to challenge eviction

        Related European Convention Articles

        Mrs Buckland was evicted from her caravan site following anti-social behaviour by her son and non-payment of bills by herself. She complained that had not had the chance to appeal against her conviction. She won her case.

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        Equality
        2002
        Europe

        Transgender people have equal rights, including to marry

        Related European Convention Articles

        Christine Goodwin complained she was not entitled to the same employment, social security and pension rights as those born female. The European Court said that was discrimination. Shortly afterwards, the UK introduced a system which allowed transsexual people to be legally recognised in their new gender.

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        TOP 50
        50 Cases
        2004
        UK

        No race barriers to asylum

        Related European Convention Articles

        British immigration officers at Prague airport were told to make it more difficult for Roma people to come here. The court said that racial discrimination at any point in the asylum process is not permitted, and no race of people is excluded from the right to asylum.

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          Disability
          2011
          UK

          You can’t shut a library without considering impact on disabled people

          Related European Convention Articles

          Individuals, including a man with a learning disability, challenged changes to councils’ library services. Equality duties had been breached by the councils’ failures to consider the potential impact on the disabled

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          TOP 50
          50 Cases
          1772
          UK

          Slavery is odious

          Related European Convention Articles

          A slave escaped then was imprisoned by his "master" on a ship bound for Jamaica, where he would be sold. Lord Mansfield ordered his release and said there was no support for slavery in English law: "The state of slavery...is so odious, that nothing can be suffered to support it". A key moment for the abolition movement.

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          Equality
          2006
          Europe

          Children of all races must have equal access to education

          Related European Convention Articles

          Disproportionate numbers of Roma children were placed in special schools. This breached their right to access to primary education and their right not to be discriminated against on racial grounds.

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            Equality
            2013
            UK

            You can’t refuse a couple a double bed because they’re gay

            Related European Convention Articles

            Christian bed and breakfast hotel owners refused a double-bedded room to a same sex couple becasue they weren't married. Gay people couldn't get married. The Supreme Court said this was discrimination.

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            What Human Rights do for Equality
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