What Human Rights do for Justice - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Justice

Order by: Shuffle
TOP 50
50 Cases
1975
Europe

Prisoners must be able to contact their solicitors

Related European Convention Articles

A prisoner was stopped from writing a letter to his solicitor. He wanted to make make a libel claim against a prison guard. He won his case. Not being allowed to contact a solicitor was a violation of the right to fair trial.

Related links

    Justice
    1997
    Europe

    Personal phone calls in the workplace can’t be intercepted

    Related European Convention Articles

    A police officer had her personal phone calls at work intercepted by her bosses. The European Court of Human Rights found this was a breach of her right to privacy. Shortly afterwards, the UK government criminalised intercepting phonecalls on a private network (this led to the 'phone hacking' scandal).

    Related links

    TOP 50
    50 Cases
    2012
    Europe

    Everyone has protection from torture and unfair trial, including terrorists

    Related European Convention Articles

    Abu Qatada was at risk of being prosecuted using evidence obtained by torture, contrary to his to a fair trial. He was eventually deported after Jordan amended its constitution to stop the use of torture evidence.

    Related links

    TOP 50
    50 Cases
    UK
    2001

    You can’t be detained without medical proof of why

    Related European Convention Articles

    If you’re detained by the state because you are mentally ill, the reason for your detention must be regularly reviewed. It wasn't for detained mental health patients to demonstrate why they should be released - the treating clinicians should have to justify continuing detention. The law was later changed.

    Related links

      Disability
      2012
      Europe

      Mrs Reynolds got compensation after her son died in psychiatric care

      Related European Convention Articles

      A mother complained that she had no access to compensation for the grief and distress caused by the untimely death of her son whilst he was in psychiatric care. She was awarded damages for violation of the right to a remedy and the right to life.

      Related links

        TOP 50
        50 Cases
        2011
        Europe

        Even the Army can’t imprison without charge forever

        Related European Convention Articles

        Mr Al-Jedda was suspected of terrorism. He was detained by British forces in Iraq for over three years without charge or trial. This breached his human rights, even though it happened abroad.

        Related links

        TOP 50
        Justice
        2004
        UK

        You can’t detain foreigners without charge forever

        Related European Convention Articles

        After 9/11, the government started imprisoning suspected terrorists indefinitely without a criminal charge or conviction. This breached the right to liberty. We ended this practice of detention without trial.

        Related links

        Justice
        1996
        Europe

        Being effectively defended by a lawyer is fundamental to a fair trial

        Related European Convention Articles

        John Murray had been arrested in Ireland on suspicion of terrorism. The case was primarily about the right to remain silent, but the court used it as an opportunity to reiterate that proper access to a lawyer is a fundamental element of the right to a fair trial.

        Related links

          Justice
          2015
          UK

          Victims of domestic violence are entitled to police protection

          Related European Convention Articles

          A woman's family claimed against the police because they had not responded to her calls for help when threatened by her extremely violent and threatening ex-boyfriend. He killed her. They won their case.

          Related links

          Disability
          2012
          Europe

          The police must protect vulnerable people from unnecessary detention

          Related European Convention Articles

          A man was detained by the police for four days when he urgently needed psychiatric care. He got damages as this was an affront to human dignity and amounted to degrading treatment.

          Related links

            TOP 50
            50 Cases
            2008
            Europe

            Police can’t keep DNA of acquitted people forever

            Related European Convention Articles

            The police were taking DNA profiles of individuals arrested for recordable offences, even if people were acquitted. They wanted the samples destroyed. The Court found the policy and refusal to destroy the samples was a violation of the applicants' right to respect for private life.

            Related links

            Disability
            2005
            Europe

            Detention for mental health patients must be reviewed quickly

            Related European Convention Articles

            A woman was detained in hospital for over a year after the Mental Health Review Tribunal directed her conditional release. Her right to liberty entitled her to have the lawfulness of that detention determined by a court promptly.

            Related links

              Justice
              2013
              UK

              European Union law doesn’t give prisoners the right to vote

              Related European Convention Articles

              Two prisoners claimed that not having a right to vote was in conflict with their rights under European Union law (which is separate from European Convention law). The UK Supreme Court disagreed.

              Related links

              TOP 50
              50 Cases
              2005
              Europe

              You can’t ban every prisoner from voting

              Related European Convention Articles

              A blanket ban on prisoners voting, without regard to the gravity of the crime, or individual circumstances, breaches the fundamental principle of free and fair elections. And it undermines democracy.

              Related links

                Justice
                2012
                UK

                Sole carer mothers in prison should usually get childcare leave

                Related European Convention Articles

                Mothers who are sole carers of their children and are within two years of their release date should sometimes be given child care leave, allowing them to spend up to three days a week with their children. The prison authorities had been acting too inflexibly.

                Related links

                Justice
                2012
                Europe

                The UK is not doing enough to combat domestic slavery

                Related European Convention Articles

                A Ugandan woman was forced to work, without breaks or time off, as a live-in carer for an elderly couple. She won her case as the UK had failed to provide proper protection against slavery and forced labour. The European Court criticised the fact that the UK does not have a specific law criminalising domestic slavery and human trafficking. This case led to the Modern Slavery Bill 2014-15.

                Related links

                TOP 50
                50 Cases
                2013
                UK

                Trafficked children are victims, not criminals

                Related European Convention Articles

                Victims of trafficking were forced into illegal work. A young boy was forced to cultivate cannabis, and a woman promised child-minding work was forced into prostitution. Their history of trafficking should have been taken into account.

                Related links

                TOP 50
                50 Cases
                2001
                UK

                We’ve a right to private legal correspondence, even in jail

                Related European Convention Articles

                Prisoners have a right to private correspondence with their lawyers. Prison officers were reading prisoners' letters before them and without them being present. This breached their human right to privacy.

                Related links

                  Justice
                  2014
                  UK

                  Everyone deserves access to justice – that means legal aid where necessary

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  In this decision, the right to legal aid is discussed by the court. It is established that in some cases, in order for access to justice to be achieved, legal aid must be granted when there would be an obvious unfairness.

                  Related links

                    TOP 50
                    50 Cases
                    1978
                    Europe

                    ‘Deep interrogation’ techniques are inhuman and degrading

                    Related European Convention Articles

                    IRA members were arrested and detained in the UK. They were subjected to "stress techniques" such as wall-standing, hooding, sleep and food deprivation. This caused physical and psychiatric suffering. The European Court said this was torture and inhuman/degrading treatment.

                    Related links

                      TOP 50
                      50 Cases
                      1995
                      Europe

                      The security services can’t shoot to kill without good reason

                      Related European Convention Articles

                      The SAS shot dead IRA members in Gibraltar. They suspected the men of planning a terrorist attack. The court criticised the planning of the attack. There were other options apart from shooting to kill.

                      Related links

                        TOP 50
                        50 Cases
                        2012
                        Europe

                        “Whole life” sentences must be reviewable

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        Three murderers argued that their life sentences with no hope of a review and reduction was inhuman. The court agreed, but found that none of the prisoners' sentences should be reduced. The case was later overturned: the UK's whole life sentences don't breach human rights

                        Related links

                        Disability
                        2003
                        Europe

                        People with mental illness must be able to challenge their detention

                        Related European Convention Articles

                        A detained man with an untreatable mental illness was refused discharge. His right to challenge the lawfulness of his detention was breached by delayed review and making him prove he should no longer be detained.

                        Related links

                          Justice
                          2012
                          Europe

                          You can’t be imprisoned indefinitely without a chance of getting out

                          Related European Convention Articles

                          An "indeterminate" prison sentence means people can be in prison forever unless they demonstrate they are safe for release. But that meant they needed to be given reasonable opportunity to prove they had become safe for release.

                          Related links

                          Help us increase understanding and support for human rights in the UK.

                          Donate

                          Concept by:

                          Research by:

                          Design by:

                          Site implementation by:

                          We welcome suggestions and comments - please email

                          Creative Commons Licence

                          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

                          What Human Rights do for Justice
                          Share this: