What Human Rights do for Justice - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Justice

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Justice
2013
UK

A criminal defendant had to take her veil off to give evidence in court

Related European Convention Articles

A female defendant in a criminal case did not want to take off her face veil in front of men who were not in her family. The judge ruled she must take it off to give evidence and be identified.

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Justice
UK
2013

The media can disclose identity of triple murderer

Related European Convention Articles

A convicted child murderer challenged a decision to allow the media to report details of his offence. He argued that this resulted in threats and attacks which threatened his right to life, and freedom from degrading treatment. He lost as the public interest in knowing these facts outweighed his concerns.

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Justice
2015
UK

Victims of domestic violence are entitled to police protection

Related European Convention Articles

A woman's family claimed against the police because they had not responded to her calls for help when threatened by her extremely violent and threatening ex-boyfriend. He killed her. They won their case.

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TOP 50
50 Cases
2011
Europe

Even the Army can’t imprison without charge forever

Related European Convention Articles

Mr Al-Jedda was suspected of terrorism. He was detained by British forces in Iraq for over three years without charge or trial. This breached his human rights, even though it happened abroad.

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TOP 50
50 Cases
2012
Europe

Everyone has protection from torture and unfair trial, including terrorists

Related European Convention Articles

Abu Qatada was at risk of being prosecuted using evidence obtained by torture, contrary to his to a fair trial. He was eventually deported after Jordan amended its constitution to stop the use of torture evidence.

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Disability
2005
Europe

Detention for mental health patients must be reviewed quickly

Related European Convention Articles

A woman was detained in hospital for over a year after the Mental Health Review Tribunal directed her conditional release. Her right to liberty entitled her to have the lawfulness of that detention determined by a court promptly.

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    Health
    2003
    Europe

    Governments must look after ill people in prison

    Related European Convention Articles

    A heroin addict died in prison, having suffered severe withdrawal symptoms. Her children complained of inhuman and degrading treatment. The Court agreed and held states to be under a duty to ensure detainees were held in conditions compatible with human dignity.

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    Children
    1995
    Europe

    Parents can access info related to their child’s case

    Related European Convention Articles

    Parents of a child taken into care were not allowed to see documents referred to at a hearing to determine care provisions and access to their son. This breached their rights to a fair hearing and respect for family life.

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      Justice
      2011
      UK

      Retention of DNA evidence by police is unlawful

      Related European Convention Articles

      Two people who had been charged with a crime but later acquitted complained that the Police where still holding onto their DNA. They won. Guidelines which say that DNA evidence can only be destroyed in "exceptional circumstances" must be subject to their right to privacy.

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      TOP 50
      50 Cases
      2001
      UK

      We’ve a right to private legal correspondence, even in jail

      Related European Convention Articles

      Prisoners have a right to private correspondence with their lawyers. Prison officers were reading prisoners' letters before them and without them being present. This breached their human right to privacy.

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        Justice
        2012
        Europe

        Abu Hamza and others can be extradited to the US

        Related European Convention Articles

        Abu Hamza and four others, wanted for terrorist activities in the US, can be deported regardless of their argument that doing so would mean they would likely receive extremely long sentences in "super-max" prisons which could amount to inhuman and degrading treatment.

        Related links

        Disability
        2012
        Europe

        Mrs Reynolds got compensation after her son died in psychiatric care

        Related European Convention Articles

        A mother complained that she had no access to compensation for the grief and distress caused by the untimely death of her son whilst he was in psychiatric care. She was awarded damages for violation of the right to a remedy and the right to life.

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          Disability
          2012
          Europe

          The police must protect vulnerable people from unnecessary detention

          Related European Convention Articles

          A man was detained by the police for four days when he urgently needed psychiatric care. He got damages as this was an affront to human dignity and amounted to degrading treatment.

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            Health
            2009
            Europe

            Prison medical officers can’t interfere in private correspondence

            Related European Convention Articles

            The applicant served his prison sentence after suffering a brain haemorrhage and was required to attend hospital for every six months. He complained that the prison medical officer read his medical correspondence. The Court agreed this was an unjust interference with his right to correspondence.

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            Justice
            1997
            Europe

            Personal phone calls in the workplace can’t be intercepted

            Related European Convention Articles

            A police officer had her personal phone calls at work intercepted by her bosses. The European Court of Human Rights found this was a breach of her right to privacy. Shortly afterwards, the UK government criminalised intercepting phonecalls on a private network (this led to the 'phone hacking' scandal).

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            TOP 50
            50 Cases
            2012
            Europe

            “Whole life” sentences must be reviewable

            Related European Convention Articles

            Three murderers argued that their life sentences with no hope of a review and reduction was inhuman. The court agreed, but found that none of the prisoners' sentences should be reduced. The case was later overturned: the UK's whole life sentences don't breach human rights

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            TOP 50
            50 Cases
            1996
            Europe

            You can’t be sent to a real risk of torture

            Related European Convention Articles

            The deportation of a Sikh separatist to the Punjab where he would more than likely face torture due to his political beliefs and actions, was prohibited. The Court emphasised that everyone is protected from torture, even suspected terrorists.

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              TOP 50
              50 Cases
              1772
              UK

              Slavery is odious

              Related European Convention Articles

              A slave escaped then was imprisoned by his "master" on a ship bound for Jamaica, where he would be sold. Lord Mansfield ordered his release and said there was no support for slavery in English law: "The state of slavery...is so odious, that nothing can be suffered to support it". A key moment for the abolition movement.

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              Justice
              2012
              Europe

              You can’t be imprisoned indefinitely without a chance of getting out

              Related European Convention Articles

              An "indeterminate" prison sentence means people can be in prison forever unless they demonstrate they are safe for release. But that meant they needed to be given reasonable opportunity to prove they had become safe for release.

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              TOP 50
              50 Cases
              2013
              UK

              Trafficked children are victims, not criminals

              Related European Convention Articles

              Victims of trafficking were forced into illegal work. A young boy was forced to cultivate cannabis, and a woman promised child-minding work was forced into prostitution. Their history of trafficking should have been taken into account.

              Related links

              Justice
              1996
              Europe

              Being effectively defended by a lawyer is fundamental to a fair trial

              Related European Convention Articles

              John Murray had been arrested in Ireland on suspicion of terrorism. The case was primarily about the right to remain silent, but the court used it as an opportunity to reiterate that proper access to a lawyer is a fundamental element of the right to a fair trial.

              Related links

                TOP 50
                50 Cases
                1978
                Europe

                ‘Deep interrogation’ techniques are inhuman and degrading

                Related European Convention Articles

                IRA members were arrested and detained in the UK. They were subjected to "stress techniques" such as wall-standing, hooding, sleep and food deprivation. This caused physical and psychiatric suffering. The European Court said this was torture and inhuman/degrading treatment.

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                  Justice
                  2012
                  Europe

                  The UK is not doing enough to combat domestic slavery

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  A Ugandan woman was forced to work, without breaks or time off, as a live-in carer for an elderly couple. She won her case as the UK had failed to provide proper protection against slavery and forced labour. The European Court criticised the fact that the UK does not have a specific law criminalising domestic slavery and human trafficking. This case led to the Modern Slavery Bill 2014-15.

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                  TOP 50
                  50 Cases
                  1975
                  Europe

                  Prisoners must be able to contact their solicitors

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  A prisoner was stopped from writing a letter to his solicitor. He wanted to make make a libel claim against a prison guard. He won his case. Not being allowed to contact a solicitor was a violation of the right to fair trial.

                  Related links

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                    What Human Rights do for Justice
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