What Human Rights do for Privacy - RightsInfo

What Human Rights do for Privacy

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Children
2008
UK

Children can be protected against intrusive media attention

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A photograph of the author JK Rowling's son was taken and published without permission or consent. It was decided that the child was entitled to privacy and the law should protect children against intrusive media attention.

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Privacy
2010
UK

Police can be sued for revealing a person’s private sex life

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A man sued the police for making damaging revelations on his sex-life without proper cause. He won his case, as his right to privacy had been breached.

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    TOP 50
    50 Cases
    2014
    UK

    The police can’t keep you on their database for ever

    Related European Convention Articles

    Two people wanted minor crimes committed years ago (shoplifting a packet of fingernails; stealing a bike aged 11) to be removed from the national police database, as it was stopping them getting jobs. Their privacy had been breached and the law was changed.

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      Privacy
      2014
      UK

      Private information can’t be misused by organisations

      Related European Convention Articles

      A group of UK Google users sued Google for the unlawful tracking and collection of their private information. The judge allowed the case to proceed and acknowledged that misuse of private information could result in a damages claim.

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      Health
      2004
      Europe

      Medical staff can’t ignore parents’ objections to treatment of their children

      Related European Convention Articles

      A mother had fought doctors' decisions to give diamorphine to her critically ill disabled son as it could speed up his death. The Court said the approach of the doctors breached the mother and sons' right to family and private life.

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      TOP 50
      50 Cases
      2004
      UK

      The supermodel’s privacy was breached by a tabloid rehab scoop

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      Naomi Campbell complained about photos taken of her leaving a rehab clinic and published in the Daily Mirror. The UK's highest court found Campbell's right to privacy outweighed that of the press to run the photos.

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      Privacy
      2007
      Europe

      There is a right to privacy in the workplace

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      Ten years after Halford, another case of workplace privacy: the monitoring of telephone, e-mail and internet usage of a employees is unlawful and violates her right to privacy, unless it is clearly and fairly disciplined.

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      Privacy
      2011
      UK

      Reporting of highly sensitive cases can be stopped

      Related European Convention Articles

      A woman in a semi-vegetative state wanted to be allowed to die. A judge defended the privacy of her and her relatives through the first injunction stopping publication of private information on any social media, including Facebook and Twitter.

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      Privacy
      2013
      Europe

      UK may develop a law against secret filming and photography

      Related European Convention Articles

      The European Court of Human Rights decided that Sweden’s lack of a legal ban on secret filming and photography violated the right to privacy. The judgement may have significant consequences in the UK too: paparazzi beware!

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      Children
      1989
      Europe

      Care leavers can access their child care records

      Related European Convention Articles

      A care leaver wanted access to care records to establish whether he had grounds to complain of ill-treatment whilst in care. He was not permitted to see the entire file. This breached his right to respect for private life.

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        TOP 50
        50 Cases
        2010
        Europe

        Police stop and search powers can’t be limitless

        Related European Convention Articles

        Two protesters were stopped and searched, without any grounds for suspicion, by the police. The European Court of Human Rights said this was a violation of their right to privacy. The UK government had to review its anti-terrorism law.

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          TOP 50
          50 Cases
          2003
          Europe

          A council shouldn’t have given CCTV suicide footage to media

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          Mr Peck's suicide attempt was caught on CCTV. The local council gave the footage to the media. This was a violation of his right to privacy - things happening in public can still be private.

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            Children
            2012
            UK

            Children in care must be properly protected by the state

            Related European Convention Articles

            Two boys came into local authority care and were freed for adoption. The boys were moved between foster placements for 11 years, becoming increasingly unsettled. This breached several of their rights and local authorities had to re-examine their care systems.

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              TOP 50
              50 Cases
              1984
              Europe

              Police need a warrant to tap our phones

              Related European Convention Articles

              A businessman had his phone tapped by the police without a warrant. The European Court of Human Rights said this as a violation of his right to privacy. So, the government introduced the Interception of Communications Act. A warrant is now needed for phone tapping by police and security services.

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              Health
              2014
              Europe

              Medical students can’t watch women give birth without their (genuine) consent

              Related European Convention Articles

              The applicant's privacy rights were breached when she did not give written consent to the presence of medical students when she gave birth. Russian laws were found insufficient in this respect. The booklet on the teaching programme was vague, and made it look like the applicant had no choice in the matter.

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              TOP 50
              50 Cases
              2008
              Europe

              Government spying powers are too wide

              Related European Convention Articles

              The European Court said the government's powers to spy were too wide and opaque. Liberty and other civil liberties organisations accused the Ministry of Defence of spying on their phonecalls and emails. This is one of a series of cases challenged the UK to greater openness about surveillance.

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              Privacy
              2000
              UK

              The right to privacy is recognised by UK law

              Related European Convention Articles

              Since October 2000, when the Human Rights Act entered into force in the United Kingdom, people in the UK have acquired the right to privacy. This was not explicitly protected under UK law pre-2000.

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              Children
              2012
              UK

              Children’s identities are usually kept secret in personal injury cases

              Related European Convention Articles

              A child was involved in a personal injury case. The child's identity was kept a secret, to ensure her compensation was protected from those who might misuse the funds. Publication would breach her right to privacy / family life.

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              Children
              2011
              UK

              Children’s rights are better protected in immigration detention

              Related European Convention Articles

              Asylum seekers and their children were detained in an immigration detention centre. Their detention was found to be unlawful and breached their rights to liberty and privacy / family life.

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              Privacy
              2011
              UK

              A culture of illegal phone hacking killed the News of the World

              Related European Convention Articles

              The tabloid newspaper was exposed as using illegal phone hacking to steal private information. This was possible thanks to the Regulation of Investigatory Power Act (see Halford v United Kingdom) and ultimately led to the demise of newpaper.

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              Privacy
              2014
              UK

              Secret mass surveillance can be unlawful

              Related European Convention Articles

              A group of human rights organisations argued that secret mass surveillance uncovered by Edward Snowden was illegal. The Investigatory Powers Tribunal said that it had been illegal for years before the policy had recently been changed.

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              Privacy
              2011
              UK

              A new law of privacy is evolving, case by case

              Related European Convention Articles

              After the enactment of the Human Rights Act, the UK government blessed the development of privacy law by the Courts. A new claim for misuse of private information is being shaped by judges.

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              Privacy
              2011
              Europe

              If mass surveillance occurs, it must be through clear, accessible laws

              Related European Convention Articles

              Russia's registration of human rights activists in a surveillance database regulated by a ministerial order is unlawful. All States are required to regulate mass surveillance through clear and accessible laws.

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              Privacy
              2011
              UK

              The right to privacy can be protected through “super injuctions”

              Related European Convention Articles

              A celebrity was threatened with the publication of intimate photographs. The judge unusually allowed the use of a special injunction, binding everyone and forever, to ensure the protection of the privacy of the victim once the trial was over.

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              What Human Rights do for Privacy
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