What Human Rights Do For Us - RightsInfo

What Human Rights Do For Us

Some of the key human rights cases and developments in colourful bitesized cards. Press the coloured buttons to change the category.

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Religion & Belief
2008
UK

A student could wear a Sikh bangle in school

Related European Convention Articles

The school refused to allow the student to wear the Kara as part of her uniform. A court said that was discrimination. The Kara, a small and unobtrusive item of jewellery, was of exceptional importance to her identity and race.

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Disability
2015
UK

A disabled person can’t be evicted if it’s discriminatory

Related European Convention Articles

A disabled man facing eviction said he was being discriminated against by his landlord. The Supreme Court said that judges have to consider discrimination eviction cases carefully and in detail.

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    TOP 50
    50 Cases
    2012
    Europe

    Police can ‘kettle’ demonstrators to keep the peace

    Related European Convention Articles

    Four people were kettled (forcefully contained) in a crowd by riot police during a demonstration in Central London. The police's actions were lawful, as their purpose was to prevent an imminent breach of the peace.

    Justice
    1990
    Europe

    Long-term prisoners must have their sentences regularly reviewed

    Related European Convention Articles

    Two prisoners with life sentences claimed that they should have the right to have their claim periodically reviewed. They won - after a certain period, the right to liberty ensures that a sentence must be periodically reviewed.

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      Disability
      2012
      Europe

      The police must protect vulnerable people from unnecessary detention

      Related European Convention Articles

      A man was detained by the police for four days when he urgently needed psychiatric care. He got damages as this was an affront to human dignity and amounted to degrading treatment.

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        Victims of Crime
        2014
        UK

        The state must protect victims of grooming and child abuse

        Related European Convention Articles

        An independent inquiry was commissioned into the history of sexual violence towards young women in Rotherham. The European Convention requires independent investigations into abuse.

        Disability
        2015
        UK

        A family can receive damages if a council messes up care proceedings

        Related European Convention Articles

        The Council removed a 15 day old baby from its mother and put it into care. There were unnecessary delays and confusion over the plan for the baby's permanent home. It was finally placed with the mother's parents in Latvia aged 22 months.

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        Family
        2014
        UK

        A woman could have a child using sperm of her deceased partner

        Related European Convention Articles

        A widow wanted to use the sperm of her husband, who died aged 32 years old of a brain tumour. He had not given his consent in writing. She won her case.

        Related links

        Health
        2015
        UK

        DNA collected for criminal investigation can’t be used for unrelated purposes

        Related European Convention Articles

        DNA had been lawfully collected from X's house during the investigation of a murder for which X was later convicted. A local authority wanted to use the DNA to resolve a paternity claim. A court found that was a breach of X's right to privacy.

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        Seeking Refuge
        2014
        UK

        Asylum seekers are protected from homelesness and destitution

        Related European Convention Articles

        EM was an Eritrean man who experienced persecution in his home country for being a Christian, and moved to Italy, only to find himself homeless and destitute. He sought asylum in the UK, and resisted deportation. The court found if it could be established similar conditions would be present if he were deported to Italy, this would be contrary to his right not to be subjected to inhuman or degrading treatment.

        Related links

        Children
        2010-12
        UK

        Systemic failings in child protection must be addressed

        Related European Convention Articles

        After the 'Baby P Scandal', in which one-year-old Peter Connolly was killed by his abusive parents, the Government commissioned an independent review of child protection and social work. Human rights law requires effective investigations into deaths and inhumane treatment.

        Disability
        2005
        Europe

        Detention for mental health patients must be reviewed quickly

        Related European Convention Articles

        A woman was detained in hospital for over a year after the Mental Health Review Tribunal directed her conditional release. Her right to liberty entitled her to have the lawfulness of that detention determined by a court promptly.

        Related links

          TOP 50
          50 Cases
          2011
          UK

          Children’s views are key in deportation cases

          Related European Convention Articles

          The Supreme Court decided that where a parent is deported, the rights of their children must be a primary consideration An asylum-seeker mother was allowed to remain in the UK because deporting her would breach her children's rights to respect for private and family life.

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          TOP 50
          50 Cases
          2004
          UK

          The supermodel’s privacy was breached by a tabloid rehab scoop

          Related European Convention Articles

          Naomi Campbell complained about photos taken of her leaving a rehab clinic and published in the Daily Mirror. The UK's highest court found Campbell's right to privacy outweighed that of the press to run the photos.

          Related links

          Speech & Protest
          2003
          Europe

          Campaigners are not necessarily entitled to meet on private property

          Related European Convention Articles

          Campaigners were barred from distributing leaflets in a private shopping centre. This did not breach their right to freedom of expression. The campaigners did not have an automatic right to enter private property, nor were their ability to express speech destroyed.

          Related links

            Children
            1989
            Europe

            Care leavers can access their child care records

            Related European Convention Articles

            A care leaver wanted access to care records to establish whether he had grounds to complain of ill-treatment whilst in care. He was not permitted to see the entire file. This breached his right to respect for private life.

            Related links

              Justice
              2013
              UK

              European Union law doesn’t give prisoners the right to vote

              Related European Convention Articles

              Two prisoners claimed that not having a right to vote was in conflict with their rights under European Union law (which is separate from European Convention law). The UK Supreme Court disagreed.

              Related links

              Rights at Work
              2010
              UK

              Soldiers’ right to life is protected while serving abroad

              Related European Convention Articles

              A soldier died from excessive heat having complained many times. The Ministry of Defence tried to get the complaint struck out. The court said soldiers' right to life was protected even when serving abroad.

              Related links

              Rights at Work
              1984
              UK

              An employee can’t be forced to discriminate

              Related European Convention Articles

              An employee of an amusement centre was sacked because he refused to stop young black people from coming into the centre. He won his case as his employer acted in a discriminatory way.

              Related links

              Speech & Protest
              2015
              Europe

              Journalists may secretly film and record other people, if it’s in best interest of the public

              Related European Convention Articles

              Four journalists were convicted for secretly recording and broadcasting an interview with an insurance broker. The conviction violated their right to freedom of expression. There was an overriding public interest in showing the interview, which exposed misleading advice given by insurance companies.

              Related links

                Privacy
                2011
                UK

                The right to privacy can be protected through “super injuctions”

                Related European Convention Articles

                A celebrity was threatened with the publication of intimate photographs. The judge unusually allowed the use of a special injunction, binding everyone and forever, to ensure the protection of the privacy of the victim once the trial was over.

                Related links

                Children
                2006
                UK

                Abducted children’s views on staying in the UK matter

                Related European Convention Articles

                A Romanian mother brought her child to the UK. His father objected. The removal was not unlawful and the child wanted to stay in the UK. The child's views were taken into account and he was permitted to stay.

                Related links

                  Disability
                  2014
                  UK

                  Closing adult day care centres without consultation is wrong

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  A disabled adult challenged the closure of an adult day care centre. The failure to consult users and relatives before the council decided to close it had been unlawful.

                  Related links

                  TOP 50
                  50 Cases
                  1996
                  Europe

                  You can’t be sent to a real risk of torture

                  Related European Convention Articles

                  The deportation of a Sikh separatist to the Punjab where he would more than likely face torture due to his political beliefs and actions, was prohibited. The Court emphasised that everyone is protected from torture, even suspected terrorists.

                  Related links

                    Credits for What Human Rights Do For Us

                    Concept by: Adam Wagner

                    Research by: Adam Wagner, Anna Dannreuther, Benson Egwuonwu, Charlotte Thomas, Corralina Lopez-Curzi, Jake Richards, Karina Weller, Katie Jukes, Michael Goldin, Natasha Holcroft-Emmess, Sam Grant, Sarah Dalzell,

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