This myth-busting visualization will take news-making human rights stories and explain the reality behind the…
What Is The Human Rights Act?
What is it?
- The Human Rights Act is a law that protects all of us from having our human rights taken away by the state.
- It came into force on 1 October 2000
What does it do?
- It gives public authorities a legal obligation to uphold our human rights.
- A public authority is, for example, a hospital, school or the government.
- And everyone is protected.
- If public authorities are breaching our rights, we can go to court and get a judge to enforce them.
- A judge can declare our human rights are being breach, award damages, strike down some laws or tell Parliament that a law is breaching people’s human rights
What rights are in the Human Rights Act?
- The rights that are protected are basically the same as those in the European Convention.
- They’re about fairness, dignity and justice.
- They include the right to life, to liberty, to free speech, to private and family life and others.
Who does it cover?
- It covers everyone in the UK
- It also covers people outside of the UK in limited situations where the UK is in total control, like prisoners in a UK-run military prison.
How do you bring a claim if your rights are being breached?
- You have to bring a claim in a UK court
- The claim usually has to be brought within one year of the breach
- You can find out more on the Citizens Advice Bureau website
What did it change?
- Our human rights were protected before 2000 by the European Convention
- But the European Convention is enforced by the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, not our local judges
- Taking a case to Strasbourg often took years and cost thousands of pounds
- Now we can get our rights enforced in UK Courts